TIMELINE - 1913
In the news
1913 was the year
of: the Lockout, the militant suffragettes 'War on the Golf Links',
Harry Bradshaw's birth, the 'Greatest Game Ever Played', the foundation
of the Castle Golf Club, the restructuring of the GUI into central
and provincial councils and the Dyke tragic-heroic play for the
Open Championship at Hoylake. The year also saw the death of Colonel
James Martin McCalmont one of the founding members of the Royal
Portrush Golf Club and of Alfred Blake who was often referred
to as the father of golf in County Cork having being a founding
member of the Cork Golf Club at Little Island which in 2013 is
celebrating its 125th anniversary.
Issues of the day were not dissimilar
to those of the present day with the proclivity for pot-hunting,
nursing handicaps and the 'handicap snatcher' wasn't an uncommon
trait for the good golfer trying to gain an advantage by playing
down his prowess for the game while inflating that of his opponent.
The reluctance of golf committees to use 'grousing' to curtail
the handicap of someone seen to be nursing it. It was suggested
that there was "little enough exercise in golf to reduce
it to a leisurely stroll". Plus ça change, plus c'est
la même chose.
The militant suffragettes were
in full flight as they vented their anger on the golf clubs of
the United Kingdom and to a lesser extent Ireland. Their 'No Votes
No Golf' was aimed defiantly at the political classes as the reeked
have on venerable clubs like the Royal St. George's and Sheringham
Golf Clubs amongst many others in the early hours of the morning.
The Killarney Golf Club was also targeted by a suspected militant
action of a suffragette as they pursued their Votes for Women
and No Surrender campaigns. Precautions were put in place at the
Amateur Championship to avoid any incidents with the suffragettes
during the course of the event.
The caddie-master and honorary
secretary of the Hermitage Golf Club were brought up against the
magistrates court for employing caddies under 12 years of age
during school hours. The Secretary was fined 1s while the charge
against the caddie-master were dismissed.
Vernon Macan and J. S. Matterson were making their presence
felt in British Columbia having both emigrated there to set up
a law practice together. Vernon Macan won the Pacific North West
Golf Association Championship by defeating, the banker and Butte
club champion, Mr E. J. Baker in a grueling match at Baker's home
club by 8 and 6. Matterson took the golf medal for the best qualifying
round in the same championship. Macan was appointed Secretary
of the new exclusive Colwood Golf Club, a course which he had
designed, later in the year. Macan would become a prolific designer
of golf clubs having designed or remodeled up to seventy golf
courses until his death in 1964 allowing him to indulge a passion
for the game.
Odd as it may seem now was the
dress code on the golf course included the wearing of a jacket
and the issue arose as one American was asked to put his coat
back on when playing an English golf course. In fact it was felt
that golfers were often tyrannised into wearing coats when playing
golf irrespective of the conditions. One journalist decided to
face this particular dress code face-on suggesting the times are
changing and golfers need to change with them.
While all eyes
were on Brookline for the US Open two of the more prominent players
Vardon and Ray were brewing up a storm with their exhibition fees
for playing a foursomes match USD 350 (or £70). They encountered
some polite, "No thank you" from The National,
Garden City where the US Amateur was being staged, and from Apawamis,
. Mr R. C. Watson the then President of the USGA said: "If
advertising hotels are paying Vardon and Ray $350 it was no affair
of his but to attempt it at The National and Garden City in this
fashion won't do at all." This must be compared with
the prize money of £50 for winning the British Open Championship.
The presence of Vardon and Ray brings into question whether there
shouldn't be international matches between the two countries along
the lines of the Davis Cup tennis matches.
1913 saw the first staging of
a home international match against Wales and Ireland were five
up after the singles but only match to win the match by 2 up.
The Royal & Ancient were against
the idea of golf being included in the Olympic Games.
On 9 October 1913 Harry Bradshaw
was born and was to come within a glass bottle of winning the
1949 Open Championship at Royal St. Georges when his decision
to play the ball as it lay near the bottle resulted in him dropping
a shot which eventually left in tied with Bobby Locke at the end
of the four rounds and lost in the playoff. A two-time Irish Open
champion and ten time Irish Professional champion together with
partnering Christy O'Connor snr. in the Canada Cup for Ireland
in Mexico in 1958 he was undoubtedly one of Ireland's great exponents
of the game.
The 6 June 1913 saw the birth
of Patrick Campbell author
of How to become a Scratch Golfer and Patrick Campbell's Golfing
Book amongst many of his contributions to golf literature.
Edward Ray's book:
Inland Golf and Aleck Bauer's Hazards both hit the shelves
1913 saw the foundation
of the Castle Golf Club in Rathfarnham, later the course was redesigned
by the famous architect H.S. Colt in 1918/19.
Other clubs celebrating
their centenaries in 2013 are:
Golf Club, Letterkenny
Golf Club and Clones
Amateur Championship 2-6 June - Royal Lytham & St. Annes Golf
Tobin and Miss Jackson both playing out of Greystones gave a good
account of themselves at the Ladies' Amateur Championship by reaching
the fifth and semifinal rounds respectively. Miss Tobin fell to
Muriel Dodd the eventual winner (by 8 & 6) of the event while
Miss Jackson succumbed to Miss Evelyn Chubb, a Fulwell player,
Amateur Championship -St. Andrews 26
- 30 May 1913
Since 1910 the
entries to the Amateur Championship was restricted to scratch
golfers but despite this there were 398 entries.
all the Irish players were eliminated by the third round but it
wasn't without a fight at least in the case of Lionel Munn who
only bowed out at the 22nd hole against W. Greig (New St. Andrews)
and Captain H. A. Boyd (Portmarnock) been knocked out on the 21st
by F. C. Carr (Handsworth) both in their third round matches.
The final was
between Harold Hilton (Royal Liverpool) and Robert Harris (Acton)
with the former taking the 36 hole final by 6 and 5.
Ladies Championship 16- 19 June - Lahinch
was of note from the start as none of the Hezlet family were taking
part. Miss D. Dickson (North West), Miss
Janet Jackson, Florence Walker-Leigh and the previous year's
champion,Miss Harrison, made up the semifinalist for the championship
this year. Miss Janet Jackson won the first of her string of championships
having defeated Miss Dickson and Miss Harrison in the semifinals
and finals respectively both by a margin of 4 and 3 which was
a clarion call for the changing of the old guard.
Close Championship 6-10 August - Portmarnock Golf Club
In the closing
stages of the championship W.J. Carroll made a valiant effort
to topple Lionel Munn despite being
dormy two down but took him to the 21st hole before final succumbing
to Munn despite a clear cut chance at the previous hole to cause
a major upset. In the end Munn played Captain H. A. Boyd in the
final beating him by 6 and 5.
Amateur Open Championship - Dollymount
The 1913 Lockout
was disrupting the attendance at the Championship as would be
spectators feared that disruptions in the train service would
affect their travel arrangements.
W.J. Guild, the
Edingburgh golfer, beat Munn in the third round and he himself
was beaten in the next round by John Francis Jameson who had beaten
the Hon. Michael Scott in the previous round. C. A. Palmer and
A. Phillips contested the final and both had taken up golf relatively
late in life. C. A. Palmer was an accomplished cyclist while Phillips
had represented Wales at International rugby level. J.F. Jameson
was the last Irishman standing as he reached the semifinal stage
only to be beaten by Phillips by 4 and 3 while in the otherside
of the draw Palmer had beaten Lockhart by 3 and 1 but was lucky
to have reached that stage as Ector Munn gave him a hard fight
in the quarterfinals eventually losing by a single hole.
Scenes from 1913
Irish Open Amateur Championship at Dollymount (Royal Dublin Golf
Source: The Illustrated
Sporting and Dramatic News
of Ireland Championship Lahinch
Mr T. Jennings
and A W. Murray from Purley Downs competed for the last South
of Ireland Championship before the war and Jennings was again
runner-up as he lost at the 35th hole.
Irish Professional Championship - Portmarnock Golf Club - 31 July
- 1 August 1913
showing in the Open Championship added a certain gravitas to the
CPC and he was playing with Peter O'Hare of Monkstown in the first
day's play returning scores of 79 and 88 leaving himself five
behind the leader, Hugh McNeill. Moran and McNeill were drawn
together for the second day but it was Pat O'Hare who made a serious
challenge for the championship and Moran was 6 strokes behind
him by the time the reached the back nine of the final round.
However O'Hare floundered over the first two holes on the back
nine recorded two sevens and while he recover his composure somewhat
it gave Moran some breathing space to make up the gap. Moran cover
the back nine in 36 strokes compared to O'Hare's 44 strokes thereby
snatching the championship at the final curtain.
79 88 82 75 = 324
Pat O'Hare: 82
82 79 83 = 326
In the qualifier
for the News of the World competition being played at Newcastle
Michael Moran beat his nearest rival P. O'Hare (Foxrock) by two
strokes but when the final of the PGA sponsored event at Walton
heath Moran was beaten by James Bradbeer of Porter's Park at the
played Pat O'Hare in an exhibition
match at Kingstown on 8 November with O'Hare winning the medal
round in the morning by 71 to 77 while Moran won the matchplay
round in the afternoon. While Moran had "a natural aptitude
and genius for the game", O'Hare is "most pleasant to
watch ...their is nothing prettier than his pitch shots right
up to the hole."
Open Championship 23-24
June 1912 - Royal Liverpool
Golf Club, Hoylake
Moran was placed joint third in the Open Championship when
the previous best place was recorded by an Irishman was eleventh
by James Edmundson in 1908. It would be another thirty-four years
before this position was bettered by an Irishman when Fred Daly
became the first to win the event (coincidentally at Hoylake).
An all star line up (Vardon, Braid,
Taylor, Massy, Gassiat, Telier, J.J. McDermott etc) teed up for
the Open Championship that year with the exception of George Duncan
who failed to qualify. Of the great amateur golfers of the era
two of them would have been members of Hoylake. However John Ball
jnr didn't play and Harold Hilton failed to make the thirty-six
hole cut despite having won the Amateur Championship at St. Andrews.
Moran was in ninth place only
three shots outside the lead after a 76 in the first round and
with 74 in the next round he moved into third place still only
three shots behind the leader, Ted Ray. The Times predicted that
his "rather too pronounced Celtic temperament" would
keep him out of the running for the Championship.
The disaster struck in the form
of an out-of-bounds and a four shot bunker recovery on a single
hole where he clocked up a ten on the first hole and while continuing
the battle the wind and torrential rain he could only manage 89
strokes dropping him to thirteenth position with little chance
of catching Taylor who was now fourteen strokes ahead of him.
In the final round of the championship
Moran came back fighting with a 74 (39, 35) to tie with Vardon
in third place nine shots behind Taylor. That score was the best
round of the thirty-six holes played that day and was five and
six shots better than Taylor and Vardon respectively. Moran's
three round (excl. third round) total for was three shots better
than anyone else in the field with Taylor next and Ted Ray was
next nine strokes back and Vardon ten strokes which was a clear
indication that Moran was now a match for some of the greatest
players in the game.
Of the other Irish players who
competed in the Open Championship this year Hugh McNeill finished
in 18th place and James Edmundson in 46th place.
J. H. Taylor won the Open Championship,
the last of his five Open Championship victories with a margin
of eight strokes from his nearest rival, Ted Ray. Taylor counted
this as his second favourite victory as it was at Hoylake and
he felt he was destined never to win the Open there but the conditions
suited his game with his long, straight, low and penetrating drives
leading one commentator to suggest the only hazard he faced were
the "guide posts".
Amateur Championship 1-6 September Garden City
Evans and Francis Ouimet being the leading qualifiers it was Jerome
Travers who won the American Amateur Golf Championship beating
John G. Anderson by 5 & 4 in the final matchplay stage and
clocked up a fourth victory beating Walter Travis' record of three
US Amateur titles.
Women's Amateur Championship 13-18 October Wilmington
won the championship at Wilmington Country Club from Marion Hollins
by 2 up. Miss Harrison who had travelled to America with Miss
Ravenscroft and Miss Dodd qualified for the matchplay stage and
lost her quarterfinal match by 4 and 3 to Miss Hariot Curtis.
Open Championship 16 - 20 September Brookline Country Club
The US Open in 1913 was delayed
pending the arrival of the great Harry Vardon and Ted Ray.
The Boy who beat
Ray and Vardon and The Greatest Game Ever Played were some of
the headlines the followed Francis Ouimet's victory at the Brookline
Country Club. This 'One David against two Goliaths' match
became the stuff of legend and has been the subject of two books
and a motion picture. Such
was the pressure that Mr Ouimet was under after his victory it
was said that such was the strain that he was on the verge of
a nervous breakdown and had to pull out of many competitions on
the advise of doctors.
Ouimet was of
Irish-Italian extraction, his mother, Mary Ellen Burke, was born
in Belfast and his diminutive and soon to be millionaire caddie
Eddie Lowery, who played such a significant role in Ouimet's victory,
was also of Irish extraction, his parents John and Maria Lowery
(née Curran) were Irish immigrants. There were other Irish-American's
in the field including Mike Brady, Tom MacNamara and John J. McDermott
but of even more significance was that Pat
Doyle popped up as the professional of the Myopia Golf Club
and snatching tenth place on 311, only seven strokes behind Ouimet,
Vardon and Ray.
Francis Ouimet and Ted Ray at Brookline
The French championship
was moved from Boulie to Chantilly which was then one of the longest
courses in the world at 6,655 yards. Moran was on 162 at the half
way mark eleven strokes behind the leader and would finish in
11th overall on 317, 13 strokes behind the eventual winner George
Duncan and won 150 francs in the bargain. The course was so long
that one writer suggested brassies were being used on average
thirty times during a round. The Societe du Golf de Chantilly
later apologised for making the course too long.
13-10-13, Chantilly, championnats de France de
golf, MickaŽl Moran [joueur de golf] : [photographie de presse]
/ [Agence Rol]
It was just over 100 miles north
of Chantilly where Michael Moran would be finally laid to rest.
Royal and Ancient Championship Records 1860-1980
The American Golfer
October 1913 : [SEGL
A Game of Golf
The Greatest Game Ever Played <click
Michael Riste: Just Call Me
Mac, The Biography of A. Vernon Macan. Click here
for British Columbia Golf House Society.
Edward Ray: Inland
Aleck Bauer: Hazards